Academics

Course Descriptions

Natural Resources (NATRS)


NATRS 100  Introduction to Natural Resources  (5)

Introduces the study of natural resources outdoors and in a classroom setting. Explores natural resources careers. Introduces concepts of systems, biomes, forest biology, tree physiology, forest ecology, silviculture, water resources, fish and wildlife management, and Washington forest practices. Students study forest history, forest policy, and forest ownership. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 099. NATRS 172 or concurrent enrollment; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 114  Chainsaw Operation and Maintenance  (1)

Students demonstrate competency using small engine-powered forestry equipment. Teaches safety, maintenance, repairs and operation of the equipment. Emphasizes how the equipment is used in current forestry operations. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 117  Aerial Photography Uses and Ground Based Mapping  (2)

Studies and uses maps and aerial photographs to interpret vegetation and landforms, measure distance and direction, and navigate. Aviation students become proficient in identifying ground development through the use of aerial photography. Surveys remote sensing technologies used in GIS and Aviation. Course not intended for Natural Resources majors. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 099 and any 100-level MATH course or concurrent enrollment, and instructor's permission.

NATRS 120  Riparian Restoration  (5)

Introduces the concepts and applications of stream and wetland restoration. Topics include function and structure of riparian systems, historical conditions of streams and wetlands, an overview of associated plant communities and wildlife, analysis of various management methods, and tools, materials, and equipment used in restoration.

NATRS 121  Introduction to Community Forestry  (4)

Introduces the concepts and applications of community forestry including the use and care of native and ornamental plants in urban and suburban settings. Topics include an overview of silvics, plant propagation, soils, water needs, pruning, plant health, fertilizers, integrated pest management, regulations and environmental laws, safety, customer service, business management, and greenhouse management. Uses demonstrations and labs inside and outside.

NATRS 122  Urban Ecology  (3)

Continues and adds to topics learned in NATRS 121 toward understanding synecology in the urban and suburban settings. Uses demonstrations and labs inside and outside. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 121 or instructor's permission.

NATRS 123  Background Watershed and Forest Assessment  (3)

A field intensive course that covers uses and management of watersheds and the forests contained therein. This course teaches watershed scale assessments from the ocean to the headwaters, backcountry management, and human dimensions of wilderness use including forest harvesting practices across the State of Washington. Topics include land use assessment and management impacts through extensive field exercises in individual, team, and group situations. Students conduct basic trail maintenance, orienteering and examine uses and misuses of backcountry resources. Students create a field journal including a management plan for effective backcountry use. Summer field trip includes base camping, backpacking and/or backcountry day hiking and field-intensive studies. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 270 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 130  Wildland Firefighter Training I-100 and S-130/190  (4)

Training for Type 2 wildland firefighters in basic firefighting skills. Complies with Northwest Wildfire Coordinating Group standards for I-100, S-130, and S-190 courses. Coursework reviews the ICS organization, terminology, and common responsibilities. Includes standard firefighting orders, watch-out situations, human factors on the fire line, suppression tactics, incident response, basic fire behavior, emergency situations, risk management, and fire weather. Includes a one-day practicum. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 131  Advanced Wildland Firefighter Training S-131  (1)

Sequence training course for Type 2 wildland firefighters in advanced firefighting skills leading to squad boss (FFTI) and incident commander type 5 (ICT5). Complies with Northwest Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) standards for S-131 course. Coursework is interactive and uses group discussions to evaluate documentation, communications, firefighting tactics, and safety/risk management. Requires documented wildfire experience. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 130 or instructor's permission; or proof of certificate of ICS S-130 & S-190; and wildlife experience as documented in NWCG task book. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 132  Wildland Firefighter Crew Boss S-230  (2)

Sequence training course for wildland firefighters leading to single resource crew boss. Complies with Northwest Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) standards for S-230 course. Studies wildfire preparation, mission of the crew, mobilization, leadership, crew management and supervision, fire tactics and safety, off-line duties, demobilization, and post-incident responsibilities. Requires completed task book of experience. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 131 or instructor's permission; or proof of certificate of ICS S-131 and completed task book of experience. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 133  Wildland Firefighter Engine Boss S-231  (1)

Sequence training course for wildland firefighters leading to single resource engine boss. Complies with Northwest Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) standards for S-231 course. Studies wildfire organization, mission of engines, mobilization, leadership, crew management and supervision, fire tactics and safety, travel, and fire business management responsibilities. Students operate engine systems. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 131 or instructor's permission; or proof of certificate of ICS S-131 and completed task book experience as engine operator. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 134  Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior S-290  (3)

Sequence training course for wildland firefighters. Complies with Northwest Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) standards for S-290 course. A rigorous study of the fire triangle, heat transfer, environmental factors that affect fire behavior, fuels, weather, topography, and changes of weather that affect safety. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 130 or instructor's permission; or proof of certificate of ICS-190. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 161  Wildlife Habitat Management  (4)

Study the management of wildlife and wildlife habitats to encourage incidence and diversity of mammals, birds, amphibians, and reptiles. Students develop field wildlife research projects to aid management skills. Students visit, observe, and participate in actual projects, giving them opportunities to see Pacific Northwest wildlife in its ever-changing environments within the growing research-based industry. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 099; and NATRS 172; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 162  Biology and Conservation of Birds  (3)

Explores the major principles of natural history, avian reproductive biology, population ecology and conservation strategies for hunted and nonhunted bird. Introduces field identification skills and field methodologies through indoor labs and field exercises. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 099; and NATRS 172 or concurrent enrollment, and instructor's permission.

NATRS 172  Computer Applications Overview  (4)

Topics include data location collection techniques, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), hand-held data recorders, Excel uses, development of forestry databases, PowerPoint skills, map preparation using Geographic Information System (GIS) software, cost analysis techniques, and development of an employment portfolio. For Natural Resources students. RECOMMEND: NATRS 100 be taken concurrently. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.

NATRS 180  Natural Resources Measurement  (6)

Application of algebra, geometry, and trigonometry to the solution of tree measurement, surveying, mapping, and orienteering problems. Requires calculator with trigonometric functions and capabilities. PREREQUISITE: MATH 070 with a grade of 2.0 or higher and instructor's permission.

NATRS 182  Aerial Photos, GIS and Forest Navigation  (8)

Teaches the use of compass and chain/tape, mapping, map reading, topography, orientation, area determination, triangulation, the U.S. survey system, note keeping, field reporting, GPS (Global Positioning Systems), pacing and Studies and uses aerial photographs to interpret vegetation and land forms, measure distance and direction, and to navigate. Uses extensive field exercises in individual, team, and group situations. Students conduct basic tree measurements as well as open and closed traverses of roads, trails, and areas. Students apply previously learned mathematical concepts and field skills. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 180 with a grade of 2.0 or higher; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 184  Tree, Shrub and Wildflower Identification  (8)

Collects specimens and identifies common trees, wildflowers shrubs, and ferns found in Washington forests. Teaches the use of taxonomic keys and their ecological characteristics and growth habits. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 172 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 185  Shrub and Flower Systematics  (5)

Collects specimens and identifies common trees, shrubs, and flowers found in urban forestry. Teaches the use of taxonomic keys and their ecological characteristics and growth habits.

NATRS 192  GIS for Natural Resources  (5)

Provides an overview with hands-on experience with ArcGIS tools and functionality in Natural Resources applications. Emphasizes the three principal components of ArcGIS: ArcMap, ArcCatalog, and ArcToolbox. Provides hands-on practical exercises using field data in various formats including shapefiles, coverages, geodatabase feature classes, and raster data. Explores how to use geospatial datasets already available and how to create, modify or build new databases, as well as how to download data from the Internet. Students create, manage, analyze, and display georeferenced datasets and finished maps. PREREQUISITE: Second year Natural Resources student completed one of these courses: NATRS 172 and (MATH 072 or MATH 097); or instructor's permission.

NATRS 198  Independent Study-Natural Resources 1  (1-5)

Encourages natural resources students to study and develop independently in their special interests. Students must obtain approval on their selected special study project from the instructor. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.

NATRS 199  Independent Study-Natural Resources 2  (1-5)

Encourages Natural Resources students to study and develop independently in their special interests. Students must obtain approval on their selected special study project from the instructor. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.

NATRS 205  Wildland Recreation  (4)

Students learn skills needed to develop and manage wildland parks and recreational sites for private, state, and federal owners. Students visit, observe, and participate in actual projects within the growing wildland recreational industry. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 099 and NATRS 172; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 210  Introduction to Soils  (5)

Introduces the study of physical and chemical properties of soil and soil ecology. Includes topics on soil formation, plant nutrition, soil water, water and soil conservation, soil erosion and stability, and use of soil maps. Schedules mini labs and field trips to offer hands-on experience. Discusses influence of soils on environmental quality, human health, and forest and agricultural economies. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 172 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 270  Stream and Wetland Ecology  (5)

Students gain an understanding of stream, pond, and wetland ecology through classroom and field experiences. Students study stream and wetland dynamics, associated plant and animal ecology, streamflow hydraulics, and Washington Forest Practices Regulations in an applied field setting. Students conduct measurements and sampling within ponds, streams, and wetlands with follow-up analysis and reports. PREREQUISITE: ENGL& 101 and NATRS 172; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 271  Stream and Wetland Restoration  (5)

Stream and wetland restoration is an important issue in water and fish management. Students are given the opportunity to evaluate fundamental ecological processes with the end result being restoration of streams and wetlands. Students look at possible structure and functional issues within the riparian ecosystem. Students develop an efficient and productive restoration project addressing human-induced changes surrounding both aquatic and terrestrial components. Class is taught with lecture, field sampling, demonstrations, and interviews with agencies and private organizations. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL& 101, NATRS 100 and NATRS 172 or concurrent enrollment; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 272  Fish Identification and Habitat  (5)

Covers the classification, identification, anatomy and physiology, age and growth, behavior, life history, and habitat of fish of the Pacific Northwest. Examines the importance of fish in our society and investigates related regulations and policies. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.

NATRS 277  Natural Resources Internship 1  (4)

Internship requires the student to work full time in a paid or volunteer position for an agency or company that will best help the student enhance his/her technical skills and prepare the student for career employment. The student must earn four credits by working 132 hours during the quarter following completion of the second-year Natural Resources courses. Students find and choose their employers and obtain instructor approval before beginning work. Students must have suitable field clothes and equipment for the internship position. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 290 and instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 278  Natural Resources Internship 2  (4)

Internship requires the student to work full time in a paid or volunteer position for an agency or company that will best help the student enhance his/her technical skills and prepare the student for career employment. The student must earn four credits by working 132 hours following NATRS 277. Students find and choose their employers and obtain instructor approval before beginning work. Students must have suitable field clothes and equipment for the internship position. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 279  Natural Resources Internship 3  (3)

Internship requires the student to work full time in a paid or volunteer position for an agency or company that will best help the student enhance his/her technical skills and prepare the student for career employment. The student must earn three credits by working 99 hours following NATRS 278. Students find and choose their employers and obtain instructor approval before beginning work. Students must have suitable field clothes and equipment for the internship position. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 280  Natural Resources Internship 4  (3)

Internship requires the student to work full time in a paid or volunteer position for an agency or company that will best help the student enhance his/her technical skills and prepare the student for career employment. The student must earn three credits by working 99 hours following NATRS 279. Students find and choose their employers and obtain instructor approval before beginning work. Students must have suitable field clothes and equipment for the internship position. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 284  Road and Trail Engineering  (7)

Covers road and recreational trail location priorities, location on topographic maps with grade, slope, and property line constraints; Forest Practice Regulations; harvesting and construction equipment; curve computation and field layout; slope staking and cut/fill computation; culvert location; surfaces and drainage; calculations for cut/fill and curves; plan and profile drawing of fieldwork. Uses extensive field exercises in team and group situations. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission and NATRS 181 with a grade of 1.5 or higher.

NATRS 286  Natural Resources Business Principles  (5)

A study of human relations and business activities unique to small independent businesses and organizations. Emphasizes contract supervision and consulting/contracting in natural resources management. Includes study of interactions of individuals, teams and crews, organizations, and business ethics. Teaches the types of ownership, organization, state and federal laws, contracts, taxation, insurance, payroll, finance, accounting, customer relations, personnel management, and negotiation. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 099 or concurrent enrollment; and NATRS 172 or concurrent enrollment, and instructor's permission.

NATRS 290  Internship Seminar  (1)

For career-oriented natural resources students as a sequential course to NATRS 294. Covers business letters, resumes, applications, interviewing skills, and internship procedures. Conducts mock interviews and actual interviews for spring internships. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 292  Resource Sampling and Appraisal of Forest Conditions  (8)

Students acquire skills and knowledge to measure, calculate, and sample resources and forest products to determine value using statistically valid procedures. A rigorous course using skills and knowledge of tree diseases and disasters affecting forest product quality. Includes classroom, field studies and library research. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 099 or concurrent enrollment and NATRS 172 or equivalent and concurrent enrollment and NATRS 181 with a grade of 1.5 or higher and NATRS 182 or concurrent enrollment; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 293  Silvicultural Analysis and Forest Protection  (4)

Study of silvicultural and forest protection practices common in management of natural resources in the Pacific Northwest. Course prescribes specific management objectives and inventories resources and soils. Students design, measure and report a research project by working independently and in groups, indoors and outdoors. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission and NATRS 181 with a grade of 1.5 or higher.

NATRS 297  Independent Study-Natural Resources 4  (1-5)

Encourages students to study and develop independently in their area of special interest in natural resources. Students must obtain approval on their study project from the instructor. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.

NATRS 298  Independent Study-Natural Resources 5  (1-5)

Encourages students to study and develop independently in their area of special interest in natural resources. Students must obtain approval on their study project from the instructor. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.

NATRS 299  Independent Study-Natural Resources 6  (1-5)

Encourages students to study and develop independently in their area of special interest in natural resources. Students must obtain approval on their study project from the instructor. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.

NATRS 300  Forest Ecology  (6)

Students examine and analyze natural resource policy including environmental impact statements, environmental assessments, and habitat conservation plans. Students appraise and critique administrative behavior, as well as legislative, regulatory, legal, ethical, and personnel considerations as applied to forestry operations in Washington State and nationally. Students discuss and demonstrate applications of Washington Forest Practices. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 128 and NATRS 390; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 301  Resource Economics  (5)

Emphasizes the practical understanding of distribution of limited resources be it financial or physical. Financial topics include forest resource valuation and financial analysis concepts, inflation, risk and uncertainty, taxes related to both property ownership, and business and financial decision making. Students become familiar with parts of a contract including boilerplate clauses and specialized terms related to logging, road building and timber sales. Covers timber sale and unit appraisal. Labs focus on computational problems and associated computer software used in the forest management industry. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 180 or MATH& 141 or higher; or instructor's permission.

NATRS 385  6  (5)

Teaches students about the various biotic and abiotic disturbance agents that affect forest ecosystems. Students identify important forest insects and diseases of North America, especially the Pacific Northwest, as well as their effects on forest ecology. Students learn predisposing factors that increase susceptibility as well as propose effective management strategies to reduce impacts. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 128 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 386  Bio Invasions: Invasive Species Management  (5)

Walks students through the positive identification of invasive species and noxious weeds in Washington State. Students have the opportunity to learn about non-plant invasives and observe or participate in their management. Students learn sources of invasive species, methods of control and visit sites where biological, mechanical and chemical control has been used. Students learn the ecology behind biological invasions and assess invasive species control in the field. Students participate in mechanical control methods in various locations targeting various invasive species and have the opportunity to observe chemical methods. Students produce an invasive species management plan. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 128 and instructor's permission. Concurrent enrollment with NATRS 417.

NATRS 390  Environmental Decision Making and Conflict Resolution  (5)

Introduces students to conflict theory as applied in complex natural resource disputes including forest harvest in the Pacific Northwest. Focuses on skill development in planning culturally appropriate and inclusive public participation processes, meeting facilitation, and conflict mediation including option comparison for nonviolent conflict management. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 128 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 399  Natural Resources Seminar  (1)

Showcases timely speeches by professionals in natural resource management. Guide students through a review of current topics in forestry, fire, watershed, or soils. Presentations by guest speakers and professionals in the field complement students development of writing and oral presentation skills. PREREQUISITE: ENGL& 101 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 400  Forest Practices, Law and Policy  (5)

A core forest resource management course. Students examine and analyze natural resource policy including environmental impact statements, environmental assessments, and habitat conservation plans. Students appraise and critique administrative behavior, as well as legislative, regulatory, legal, ethical, and personal considerations as applied to forestry operations in Washington State and nationally. Students discuss and demonstrate applications of Washington Forest Practices, Habitat Conservation Plans, Clean Air, Clean Water, and Endangered Species Acts. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 128 and NATRS 390; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 401  Advanced Harvest Systems: Cable and Aerial Based  (5)

Focuses on in-depth understanding of various harvest systems for the applied forester or land manger. Topics include skyline operations, safety rules, rigging requirements, payload analysis, harvest unit planning and layout. Specialized areas include helicopter logging, Riparian Management Zone (RMZ) rules, Wetland Management Zones (WMZ) rules, Channel Migration Zone (CMZ) rules and unstable slopes. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 335 or equivalent; NATRS 180 or equivalent; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 402  Advanced Harvest Systems: Ground Based  (5)

Focuses on more in-depth understanding of various harvest systems for the applied forester or land manager. Topics include mechanical operations for ground based systems, rigging requirements, payload analysis, harvest unit planning and layout. Specialized areas include helicopter logging, Riparian Management Zone (RMZ) rules, Wetland Management Zones (WMZ) rules, Channel Migration Zone (CMZ) rules and unstable slopes. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 335 or instructor's permission; NATRS 180 or instructor's permission; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 403  Transportation System Design  (5)

An intermediate level class for foresters and resource managers in issues and responsibilities relating to transportation systems. Students study road types, standards and design procedures. Includes basic soil engineering, route surveying, reconnaissance and design software. Specialized topics include design and installation of drainage structures, erosion control techniques and methods, and material stockpiles. Covers administrative activities such as road costing, rules, regulations, permits and road maintenance plans. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 335 or equivalent; NATRS 180 or equivalent; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 417  Resource Management GIS Applications 1  (1)

A supplementary GIS lab that accompanies NATRS 386 Advanced Silviculture (GRC only). Students apply GIS principles to generate projects for NATRS 386. Students build on their current GIS skills and employ trouble shooting and problem solving with the ultimate outcome of successful spatial mapping and analysis to complete NATRS 386 assignments. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 192. Concurrent enrollment with NATRS 386 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 418  Resource Management GIS Applications 2  (1)

A supplementary GIS lab that accompanies NATRS 493 Advanced Silviculture (Green River College and Grays Harbor College). Students apply GIS principles to generate projects for NATRS 493. Students build on their current GIS skills and employ trouble shooting and problem solving with the ultimate outcome of successful spatial mapping and analysis to complete NATRS 493 assignments. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 192. Concurrent enrollment with NATRS 493 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 419  Resource Management GIS Applications 3  (1)

A supplementary GIS lab that accompanies NATRS 461 Wildlife Ecology (GRC only). Students apply GIS principles to complete projects for NATRS 461. Students build on their current GIS skills and utilize trouble shooting and problem solving with the ultimate outcome of generating successful spatial mapping and analysis to complete NATRS 461 assignments. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 192. Concurrent enrollmentwith NATRS 461 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 461  Wildlife Ecology  (5)

Students examine, identify and determine important wildlife habitats and their characteristic plants and animals within an ecological and management context through outdoor application of concepts. Discusses identification of species and habitats as well as life histories and ecology of important species. Examines and critiques scientific principles and management implications. Students organize and carry out a scientific sampling and assessment in the field. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.

NATRS 471  Restoration Techniques  (5)

Examines forest restoration at multiple spatial scales from stand to watershed to landscape levels. Students demonstrate outdoor skills and conduct restoration assessments. Compares goals for biological conservation, invasive species management, carbon sequestration, and economic viability through field trips and applied experience with restoration techniques and case studies. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 128 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 493  Advanced Silviculture  (5)

Students learn, through classroom and field studies, woody plant interactions with environmental stresses including changes to stand structure caused by humans, nature or time and selection using genetic principles for improved growth. Additionally students participate in hands-on seedling production methods while applying the theory and practice of controlling forest establishment, composition, and growth. Students assess fundamentals of forest stand development and dynamics and will use critical thinking to propose forest stewardship techniques to satisfy a range of possible objectives (biological, economic, and social). PREREQUISITE: ENGL 128 and NATRS 180 or concurrent enrollment in MATH& 146; and concurrent enrollment in NATRS 418; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 494  Capstone in Natural Resources  (1-5)

Offered as a variable credit course (1-5) based on student projects and can be taken more than once to complete 5 total capstone credits. Students participate within the community in a hands-on application where they will synthesize knowledge and skills to create or construct a desired project outcome for a forestry-related project. Students produce projects individually or in a team, culminating in a public presentation and report. PREREQUISITE: Must be completed in final term prior to graduation and instructor's permission.