Academics

Course Descriptions

Natural Resources (NATRS)


NATRS 198-199  Independent Study-Natural Resources 1-2  (1-5)
Encourages natural resources students to study and develop independently in their special interests. Students must obtain approval on their selected special study project from the instructor. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.
NATRS 297-299  Independent Study-Natural Resources 4-6  (1-5)
Encourages students to study and develop independently in their area of special interest in natural resources. Students must obtain approval on their study project from the instructor. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.

NATRS 100  Introduction to Natural Resources  (5)
Introduces the study of natural resources outdoors and in a classroom setting. Explores natural resources careers. Introduces concepts of systems, Biomes, forest biology, tree physiology, forest ecology, silviculture, water resources, fish and wildlife management, and fire ecology. Students study forest history, forest policy, and forest ownership. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 100. NATRS 172 or concurrent enrollment and instructor's permission.
NATRS 114  Chainsaw Operation and Maintenance  (1)
Students demonstrate competency using small engine-powered forestry equipment. Teaches safety, maintenance, repairs and operation of the equipment. Emphasizes how the equipment is used in current forestry operations. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 117  Aerial Photo Uses and Ground Based Mapping  (2)
Studies and uses maps and aerial photographs to interpret vegetation and landforms, measure distance and direction, and navigate. Aviation students become proficient in identifying ground development through the use of aerial photography. Surveys remote sensing technologies used in GIS and Aviation. Course not intended for Natural Resources majors. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 100 and any 100-level MATH course or concurrent enrollment, and instructor's permission.
NATRS 120  Riparian Restoration  (5)
Introduces the concepts and applications of stream and wetland restoration. Topics include function and structure of riparian systems, historical conditions of streams and wetlands, an overview of associated plant communities and wildlife, analysis of various management methods, and tools, materials, and equipment used in restoration.

NATRS 121  Introduction to Community Forestry  (4)
Introduces the concepts and applications of community forestry including the use and care of native and ornamental plants in urban and suburban settings. Topics include an overview of silvics, plant propagation, soils, water needs, pruning, plant health, fertilizers, integrated pest management, regulations and environmental laws, safety, customer service, business management, and greenhouse management. Uses demonstrations and labs inside and outside.
NATRS 122  Urban Ecology  (3)
Continues and adds to topics learned in NATRS 121 toward understanding synecology in the urban and suburban settings. Uses demonstrations and labs inside and outside. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 121 or instructor's permission.

NATRS 123  Landscape Planning and Practices  (3)
Covers landscape planning and application in municipal, right-of-way, buffers, commercial applications, and parks settings. Covers equipment, safety, environmental laws and regulations, arboriculture, risk management, aesthetics, and forest health. Uses demonstrations and labs inside and outside. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 121 or instructor's permission.
NATRS 130  Wildland Firefighter Training I-100 and S-130/190  (4)
Training for Type 2 wildland firefighters in basic firefighting skills. Complies with Northwest Wildfire Coordinating Group standards for I-100, S-130, and S-190 courses. Coursework reviews the ICS organization, terminology, and common responsibilities. Includes standard firefighting orders, watch-out situations, human factors on the fire line, suppression tactics, incident response, basic fire behavior, emergency situations, risk management, and fire weather. Includes a one-day practicum. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 131  Advanced Wildland Firefighter Training S-131  (1)
Sequence training course for Type 2 wildland firefighters in advanced firefighting skills leading to squad boss (FFTI) and incident commander type 5 (ICT5). Complies with Northwest Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) standards for S-131 course. Coursework is interactive and uses group discussions to evaluate documentation, communications, firefighting tactics, and safety/risk management. Requires documented wildfire experience. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 130 or instructor's permission; or proof of certificate of ICS S-130 & S-190; and wildlife experience as documented in NWCG task book. This is a pass/no-credit course.
NATRS 132  Wildland Firefighter Crew Boss S-230  (2)
Sequence training course for wildland firefighters leading to single resource crew boss. Complies with Northwest Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) standards for S-230 course. Studies wildfire preparation, mission of the crew, mobilization, leadership, crew management and supervision, fire tactics and safety, off-line duties, demobilization, and post-incident responsibilities. Requires completed task book of experience. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 131 or instructor's permission; or proof of certificate of ICS S-131 and completed task book of experience. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 133  Wildland Firefighter Engine Boss S-231  (1)
Sequence training course for wildland firefighters leading to single resource engine boss. Complies with Northwest Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) standards for S-231 course. Studies wildfire organization, mission of engines, mobilization, leadership, crew management and supervision, fire tactics and safety, travel, and fire business management responsibilities. Students operate engine systems. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 131 or instructor's permission; or proof of certificate of ICS S-131 and completed task book experience as engine operator. This is a pass/no-credit course.
NATRS 134  Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior S-290  (3)
Sequence training course for wildland firefighters. Complies with Northwest Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) standards for S-290 course. A rigorous study of the fire triangle, heat transfer, environmental factors that affect fire behavior, fuels, weather, topography, and changes of weather that affect safety. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 130 or instructor's permission; or proof of certificate of ICS-190. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 161  Wildlife Habitat Management  (5)
Study the management of wildlife and wildlife habitats to encourage incidence and diversity of mammals, birds, amphibians, and reptiles. Students develop field wildlife research projects to aid management skills. Students visit, observe, and participate in actual projects, giving them opportunities to see Pacific Northwest wildlife in its ever-changing environments within the growing research-based industry. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 100; and NATRS 172; and instructor's permission.
NATRS 162  Biology and Conservation of Birds  (3)
Explores the major principles of natural history, avian reproductive biology, population ecology and conservation strategies for hunted and nonhunted bird. Introduces field identification skills and field methodologies through indoor labs and field exercises. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 100; and NATRS 172 or concurrent enrollment, and instructor's permission.

NATRS 172  Computer Applications Overview  (4)
Topics include data location collection techniques, Global Positioning Systems (GPS), hand-held data recorders, Excel uses, development of forestry databases, PowerPoint skills, map preparation using Geographic Information System (GIS) software, cost analysis techniques, and development of an employment portfolio. For Natural Resources students. RECOMMEND: NATRS 100 be taken concurrently. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.
NATRS 180  Natural Resources Measurement  (7)
Application of algebra, geometry, and trigonometry to the solution of tree measurement, surveying, mapping, and orienteering problems. Requires calculator with trigonometric functions and capabilities. PREREQUISITE: MATH 070 with a grade of 2.0 or higher and instructor's permission.

NATRS 181  Forest Navigation and Mapping  ()
Teaches the use of compass and chain/tape, mapping, map reading, topography, orientation, area determination, triangulation, the U.S. survey system, notekeeping, field reporting, GPS (Global Positioning Systems), and pacing. Uses extensive field exercises in individual, team, and group situations. Students conduct open and closed traverses of roads, trails, and areas. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 180 with a grade of 2.0 or higher; and instructor's permission.
NATRS 182  Air Photo Interpretation and Remote Sensing  (5)
Studies and uses aerial photographs to interpret vegetation and landforms, measure distance and direction, and to navigate. Surveys remote sensing technologies, GPS and GIS systems. Uses extensive field exercises. Students conduct basic tree measurements. Students apply previously learned mathematical concepts and field skills. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 181 or concurrent enrollment; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 183  Tree and Shrub Identification  (5)
Collects specimens and identifies common trees and shrubs found in Washington forests. Teaches the use of taxonomic keys and their ecological characteristics and growth habits. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 172 and instructor's permission.
NATRS 184  Shrub and Wildflower Identification  (5)
Collects specimens and identifies common trees, shrubs, and wildflowers found in Washington forests. Teaches the use of taxonomic keys and their ecological characteristics and growth habits. PREREQUISITE: NATRS 172 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 185  Shrub and Flower Systematics  (5)
Collects specimens and identifies common trees, shrubs, and flowers found in urban forestry. Teaches the use of taxonomic keys and their ecological characteristics and growth habits.
NATRS 205  Wildland Recreation  (4)
Students learn skills needed to develop and manage wildland parks and recreational sites for private, state, and federal owners. Students visit, observe, and participate in actual projects within the growing wildland recreational industry. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 100 and NATRS 172; and instructor's permission.

NATRS 210  Introduction to Soils  (5)
Introduces the study of physical and chemical properties of soil and soil ecology. Includes topics on soil formation, plant nutrition, soil water, water and soil conservation, soil erosion and stability, and use of soil maps. Schedules mini labs and field trips to offer hands-on experience. Discusses influence of soils on environmental quality, human health, and forest and agricultural economies. PREREQUISITE: BUS E 100 or NATRS 172; and ENGL& 101 or concurrent enrollment, and instructor's permission.
NATRS 270  Stream and Wetland Ecology  (5)
Students gain an understanding of stream, pond, and wetland ecology. Students study stream and wetland dynamics, associated plant and animal ecology, streamflow hydraulics, and Washington Forest Practices Regulations. Students conduct measurements and sampling within ponds, streams, and wetlands with follow-up analysis and reports. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 100 and NATRS 172 and instructor's permission.

NATRS 271  Stream and Wetland Restoration  (5)
Stream and wetland restoration is an important issue in water and fish management. Students are given the opportunity to evaluate fundamental ecological processes with the end result being restoration of streams and wetlands. Students look at possible structure and functional issues within the riparian ecosystem. Students develop an efficient and productive restoration project addressing human-induced changes surrounding both aquatic and terrestrial components. Class is taught with lecture, field sampling, demonstrations, and interviews with agencies and private organizations. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for ENGL 100, NATRS 100 and 172 or concurrent enrollment; and instructor's permission.
NATRS 272  Fish Identification and Habitat  (5)
Covers the classification, identification, anatomy and physiology, age and growth, behavior, life history, and habitat of fish of the Pacific Northwest. Examines the importance of fish in our society and investigates related regulations and policies. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission.

NATRS 284  Road and Trail Engineering  (6)
Covers road and recreational trail location priorities, location on topographic maps with grade, slope, and property line constraints; Forest Practice Regulations; harvesting and construction equipment; curve computation and field layout; slope staking and cut/fill computation; culvert location; surfaces and drainage; calculations for cut/fill and curves; plan and profile drawing of fieldwork. Uses extensive field exercises in team and group situations. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission and NATRS 181 with a grade of 1.5 or higher.
NATRS 285  Forest Protection  (5)
A study of forest health and the effects of wildfire, insects, disease, animal damage, and abiotic damage on natural resources. Uses classroom, field studies, and library research. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 100 or concurrent enrollment and NATRS 172 or equivalent and concurrent enrollment.

NATRS 286  Natural Resources Business Principles  (5)
A study of human relations and business activities unique to small independent businesses and organizations. Emphasizes contract supervision and consulting/contracting in natural resources management. Includes study of interactions of individuals, teams and crews, organizations, and business ethics. Teaches the types of ownership, organization, state and federal laws, contracts, taxation, insurance, payroll, finance, accounting, customer relations, personnel management, and negotiation. PREREQUISITE: ENGL 100 or concurrent enrollment; and NATRS 172 or concurrent enrollment, and instructor's permission.
NATRS 290  Internship Seminar  (1)
For career-oriented natural resources students as a sequential course to NATRS 294. Covers business letters, resumes, applications, interviewing skills, and internship procedures. Conducts mock interviews and actual interviews for spring internships. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 292  Resource Sampling and Appraisal  ()
Students acquire skills and knowledge to measure, calculate, and sample resources and forest products to determine value using statistically valid procedures. A rigorous course using skills and knowledge gained in previous natural resources courses. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission; and NATRS 181 with a grade of 1.5 or higher; NATRS 182 and 285; or concurrent enrollment.
NATRS 293  Silvicultural Analysis  (5)
Study of silvicultural practices common in management of natural resources in the Pacific Northwest. Course prescribes specific management objectives, and inventories resources and soils. Students design, measure and report a research project by working independently and in groups, indoors and outdoors. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission and NATRS 181 with a grade of 1.5 or higher.

NATRS 294.1  Natural Resources Internship 1  (4)
Internship requires the student to work full time in a paid or volunteer position for an agency or company that will best help the student enhance his/her technical skills and prepare the student for career employment. The student must earn four credits by working 132 hours during the quarter following completion of the second-year Natural Resources courses. Students find and choose their employers and obtain instructor approval before beginning work. Students must have suitable field clothes and equipment for the internship position. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.
NATRS 294.2  Natural Resources Internship 2  (4)
Internship requires the student to work full time in a paid or volunteer position for an agency or company that will best help the student enhance his/her technical skills and prepare the student for career employment. The student must earn four credits by working 132 hours following NATRS 294.1. Students find and choose their employers and obtain instructor approval before beginning work. Students must have suitable field clothes and equipment for the internship position. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.

NATRS 294.3  Natural Resources Internship 3  (3)
Internship requires the student to work full time in a paid or volunteer position for an agency or company that will best help the student enhance his/her technical skills and prepare the student for career employment. The student must earn three credits by working 99 hours following NATRS 294.2. Students find and choose their employers and obtain instructor approval before beginning work. Students must have suitable field clothes and equipment for the internship position. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.
NATRS 294.4  Natural Resources Internship 4  (3)
Internship requires the student to work full time in a paid or volunteer position for an agency or company that will best help the student enhance his/her technical skills and prepare the student for career employment. The student must earn three credits by working 99 hours following NATRS 294.3. Students find and choose their employers and obtain instructor approval before beginning work. Students must have suitable field clothes and equipment for the internship position. PREREQUISITE: Instructor's permission. This is a pass/no-credit course.